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Remarkable Increases in Alcohol Use Print E-mail
Written by FHI's Week in Review   
Monday, 14 August 2017 16:59

Bridget F. Grant, PhD, S. Patricia Chou, PhD, Tulshi D. Saha, PhD, et al report on American alcohol use in an August 9, 2017 JAMA Psychiatry post. The authors studied 12-month prevalence of alcohol use, high-risk drinking, and DSM-IV alcohol use disorder between 2001-2002 and 2012-2013. According to the authors:

In this study of data from face-to-face interviews conducted in 2 nationally representative surveys of U.S. adults, including the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions and the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III, 12-month alcohol use (up 11.2%), high-risk drinking (up 29.9%), and DSM-IV alcohol use disorder (up 49.4%) increased for the total U.S. population and, with few exceptions, across socio-demographic subgroups.

Read more in the current issue of Week in Review>> http://conta.cc/2hZCPbv

Last Updated on Friday, 15 September 2017 07:52
 
Data Breaches Have Not Slowed Down in 2017 Print E-mail
Written by FHI's Week in Review   
Monday, 07 August 2017 17:44

Evan Sweeney reports for Fierce Healthcare on Aug 3, 2017:

If 2016 was a banner year for healthcare data breaches, 2017 is on pace to be just as bad, if not worse.

According to Mr. Sweeney:

Statistics compiled by several outlets paint a bleak picture of data security across the industry. A midyear report published by Protenus counted 233 breach incidents reported to the Department of Health and Human Services, on pace to exceed last year's total of 450...Healthcare was one of the hardest hit industries in the country during the first six months of the year...Hacking and ransomware attacks have grabbed headlines in recent months... <but> insider threats still play a predominate roll in healthcare breaches. According to Protenus, 41% of data breaches in 2017 were tied to insider error or wrongdoing.

Read more in the current issue of Week in Review>> http://conta.cc/2hCQ5Cv
 
CRISPR fixes disease gene in viable human embryos Print E-mail
Written by Heidi Ledford | Nature   
Friday, 04 August 2017 14:54

An international team of researchers has used CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing - a technique that allows scientists to make precise changes to genomes with relative ease - to correct a disease-causing mutation in dozens of viable human embryos. The study represents a significant improvement in efficiency and accuracy over previous efforts.

The researchers targeted a mutation in a gene called MYBPC3. Such mutations cause the heart muscle to thicken - a condition known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that is the leading cause of sudden death in young athletes. The mutation is dominant, meaning that a child need inherit only one copy of the mutated gene to experience its effects.

Last Updated on Monday, 28 August 2017 16:15
 
FDA Targets Nicotine in Cigarettes Print E-mail
Written by FHI's Week in Review   
Monday, 31 July 2017 17:06

Matt Egan
, reporting for CNN on 7.28.17

The FDA said it will consider a plan to cut the amount of nicotine in cigarettes to "non-addictive" levels. The agency said it may also regulate "kid-appealing flavors" in e-cigarettes and cigars and wants to encourage "new products that may be less dangerous than cigarettes."

Cigarettes are the "only legal consumer product that, when used as intended, will kill half of all long-term users," FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said in a statement.

Read more in the current issue of Week in Review>> http://conta.cc/2hgPVRi

Last Updated on Monday, 31 July 2017 17:12
 
Brain disease CTE seen in most football players in large report Print E-mail
Written by AP via STAT   
Tuesday, 25 July 2017 17:13

Research on 202 former football players found evidence of brain disease in nearly all of them, from athletes in the NFL, college and even high school.

It's the largest update on chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, a brain disease linked with repeated head blows. But the report doesn't confirm that the condition is common in all football players; it reflects high occurrence in samples at a Boston brain bank that studies CTE. Many donors or their families contributed because of the players' repeated concussions and troubling symptoms before death. 

"There are many questions that remain unanswered," said lead author Dr. Ann McKee, a Boston University neuroscientist. "How common is this" in the general population and all football players? "How many years of football is too many?" and "What is the genetic risk? Some players do not have evidence of this disease despite long playing years," she noted.

Read More>> 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 15 August 2017 18:27
 
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